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0:00 - Jack Renner's career before Telarc and Advent

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Partial Transcript: --as far as it goes.

Segment Synopsis: Renner describes the start of his career as a recordist for new artists with different record distribution companies.

Keywords: Advent Recording Corp.; Advent Recording Corporation; Advent Records; Advent Records of Ohio; Ampex; Ampex Electric Corporation; ARC; Century Custom Recording; Location Recording Services (LRS); Record Distribution; Record industry; Recording and manufacturing materials; Recording business; Recording industry; Recording studios; Renner, Jack; Telarc; Telarc International Corporation

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio History; Music history; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

5:56 - Record pressing plants and vanity business

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Partial Transcript: And what did you have at that point? What was your setup? Your equipment?

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the materials he used and the policies he had to practice in the vanity recording business during the 1960s.

Keywords: Ampex Electric Corporation; Microphones, condenser; Record distribution; Record industry; Record press plants; Recording and manufacturing materials; Recording business; Recording technology; Renner, Jack

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

8:01 - Custom Century Recording policy

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Partial Transcript: So you did the recording, but did you also have to provide for the packaging and all of this other stuff--

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the Custom Recording business.

Keywords: Century Custom Recording; Custom Recording Guild; Location Recording Services (LRS); Pressing companies; Record distribution; Record industry; Record press plants; Recording business; Renner, Jack

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

9:40 - Forming the collective custom recording guild

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Partial Transcript: So who are these other people that were doing what you were doing?

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the way he found other members of Century Custom Recording who were dissatisfied with the policies of the company and how they all decided to form a buying group and break away from Century.

Keywords: Advent Recording Corp.; Advent Records of Ohio; Allstate festivals; Century Custom Recording; Record industry; Recording business; Renner, Jack

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century; Sound--History--20th Century

12:08 - The creation of Advent Records of Ohio (Advent Recording Corp.)

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Partial Transcript: So what did, what did that involve, I mean becoming a signatory to the AA?

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the circumstances that led to him founding Advent Records of Ohio in 1962 and how that company later became Telarc International.

Keywords: Advent Recording Corp.; Advent Records of Ohio; Bubalo, Rudy; Cleveland Composers Guild; Cleveland Recordings; Direct to disc recording; Lovely Music; Mark Records; Microphones, condenser; Murray, Michael; Record distribution business; Record industry; Recording industry; Recording methods; Records, kind of: Long-playing (LPs); Renner, Jack; Telarc; Telarc International Corporation; Vanity recording; Vanity recording business; Woods, Bob

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineers; Audio History; Music history; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

18:20 - The decline of vanity and custom recording business

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Partial Transcript: Ca, can I ask you just one thing--

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the decline of the custom and vanity recording business during the late 1960s and '70s.

Keywords: Advent Records of Ohio; Bubalo, Rudy; Classical music; Cleveland music history; Custom recording business; Custom recordings; Detroit Concert Band; Erb, Donald; Music and politics; Record distribution; Record industry; Recording business; Recording methods; Records, kinds of: long-playing (LP); Renner, Jack; Vanity recording business

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music History; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

23:28 - Advent Records approaches the Cleveland Orchestra

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Partial Transcript: Who was--was your primary income from this vanity recording b--

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the way Advent Records of Ohio made a name for themselves by cutting a record with the Cleveland Orchestra.

Keywords: Bishop, Michael; Century Custom Recording; Cleveland Orchestra; Direct to disc recording; Disc cutting; Discwasher, Inc.; Hamann, Ken; Maazel, Lorin; Mastering engineers; Orchestras; Pressing plants; Record distribution and manufacturing business; Record industry; Record press plants; Recording business; Recording methods; Recording technology; Sheffield Labs; Woods, Bob

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Classical music; Music history; Orchestra; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century; Sound--History--20th Century

30:55 - Advent Records transforms into Telarc International

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Partial Transcript: Now, at that point, one other thing was happening.

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the transition of his recording company from Advent Recording Corp. to Telarc International.

Keywords: Advent Recording Corp.; Advent Recording Corporation; Advent Records; Advent Records of Ohio; Advent Speaker Company; Classical music recording; Concord Music Group; Direct to disc recording method; Record industry; Recording industry; Recording methods; Renner, Jack; Telarc Records; Teldec (Telefunken-Decca Schallplatten GmbH); Vanity Recordings

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

33:53 - Telarc direct to disc recording

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Partial Transcript: When did you start working with Teldec?

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses working with Teldec Records and the direct-to-disc recording method that Telarc International used to record the Cleveland Orchestra.

Keywords: Advent Recording Corp.; Advent Records of Ohio; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Record industry; Recording business; Recording industry; Recording methods; Renner, Jack; Sound engineering; Telarc Records; Teldec (Telefunken-Decca Schallplatten GmbH)

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio history; Music history; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

36:22 - Thomas Stockham's digital recording

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Partial Transcript: Let me ask you this: w--at what point did you go from Geneva to Cleveland?

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses how Telarc International sought out an investor and ran into the name of Thomas Stockham, an American digital recording developer, and moved on to their next business step.

Keywords: Advent Records of Ohio; Audio Engineering Society (AES); Century Recording; Cleveland Orchestra; Denon Records; Digital recording; Guy, Steve; Murray, Michael; Recording business; Recording history; Recording methods; Recording technologies; Renner, Jack; Soundstream Digital Recording System; Stockham, Thomas; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

44:03 - Thomas Stockham agrees to work with Telarc International

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Partial Transcript: So we got ourselves to New York along with our investor--(coughs)--listened to the machine, very impressed, but still felt there was something missing, mostly on the high frequencies.

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the approaches Telarc took to gain international esteem, mostly by developing a digital recording method with Thomas Stockham and recording the Cleveland Winds of the Cleveland Orchestra using this method.

Keywords: Audio Engineering Society (AES); Cleveland Symphonic Orchestra; Cleveland Symphonic Winds; Cleveland Winds record; Denon Records; Digital Orchestral Recording; Digital recording; Fennel, Frederick; Japan; Mercury Recording approach; Mercury Records; Recording methods; Recording technologies; Renner, Jack; Soundstream; Soundstream Digital Recording System; Stockham, Thomas; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio Engineering Society; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

47:39 - Telarc and Stockham change digital recording with the Cleveland Symphonic Winds

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Partial Transcript: So Fred Fennell practically leapt through the phone.

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses how Stockham changed his digital recording system and paired with Telarc to approach the Cleveland Symphonic Winds and do a digital recording of the orchestra.

Keywords: Cleveland Symphonic Winds; Digital recording; Fennell, Frederick; Orchestras; Recording business; Recording methods; Recording technologies; Renner, Jack; Stockham, Thomas; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Classical music; Music history; Orchestra; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

49:45 - Mercury three microphone recording method

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Partial Transcript: What was it about his recording with the Eastman Wind Ensemble tha, that had so--

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the three microphone recording method that Telarc copied off of Mercury Records, which was essential to their success.

Keywords: Eastman Wind Ensemble; Fennell, Frederick; Maazel, Lorin; Mercury Records; Microphones, placement of; Orchestras; RCA; RCA Victor; Recording business; Recording methods; Recording studios; Renner, Jack; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Classical music; Music history; Orchestra; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

53:31 - Telarc's digital orchestral recordings

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Partial Transcript: That was the first recording.

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses a few of the various digital orchestral recordings that Telarc created.

Keywords: 1812 Overture (Song); Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus; Cincinnati Pops; Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra; Cleveland Orchestra; Digital recording; Firebird Suite (Song); Maazel, Lorin; Orchestras; Recording methods; Recording technologies; Renner, Jack; Stravinsky, Igor (Artist); Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Classical music; Music history; Orchestra; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

56:19 - Telarc rises to international esteem

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Partial Transcript: Um, the next big break came in, um, 1983 when we were approached by the Boston Symphony to record the Beethoven Piano Concerto cycle...

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses Telarc's rise to international esteem through the success of their digital orchestral recordings.

Keywords: Beethoven, Ludwig Van (Artist); Bernstein, Leonard; Boston Symphony Orchestra; Horowitz, Vladimir; Morris, Thomas; Orchestras; Ozawa, Seiji; Piano Concerto no. 5 (Song); Renner, Jack; Serkin, Rudolph; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Orchestra; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

58:10 - Impact of the introduction of the compact-disc

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Partial Transcript: And we were still, still ahead of everybody else from a technology standpoint.

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the impact technological developments (particularly the development of the compact disc, popularly known as the CD) had on the recording industry and specifically on Thomas Stockham's company, Soundstream.

Keywords: CD pressing plants; CDs; Compact discs; Compact-discs; LPs; Orchestras; Phillips Electronics; Record companies; Record distribution; Recording; Recording business; Recording studios; Recording technologies; Records, kinds of: Long-playing; Renner, Jack; Sony CDs; Sony Corporation; Soundstream; Stockham, Thomas; Telarc Records; Unions

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineers; Audio history; Classical music; Music history; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound Engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

67:50 - Telarc creates their own record distribution company

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Partial Transcript: Um, so anyway, we got a jump on the industry and got a lot of our LP material transferred to CD right away and had a nice catalog.

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the process through which Telarc created their own record distribution company after the compact disc came out.

Keywords: Audio Technica; Compact-discs; Microphones; Microphones (models); Record companies; Recording business; Records, kinds of: Long-playing; Renner, Jack; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineers; Audio history; Classical music; Music history; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

72:40 - Telarc Records now

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Partial Transcript: I want to go back and ask you to sort of backtrack a little bit to tell me about the technology.

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses Telarc's recording methods and the gear that they use when they go into the field to record artists. He goes into a brief history of some of the tools that he employs and discusses which tools and methods he prefers as a recordist/engineer.

Keywords: Decca Records; Faulkner, Tony; Floating Earth Records; Green Room Productions; Hamann, Kenneth Richard; Hatch, Mike; Microphones; Microphones (models); Orchestras; Record business; Record companies; Record studios; Recording technologies; Stockham, Thomas; Telarc Records; Teldec (telefunken-Decca Schallplatten)

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

79:00 - Microphones

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Partial Transcript: What are your favorite microphones?

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses various preferred microphones in the business and a brief history behind them, as well as the importance of microphones to recording studios.

Keywords: Berlin Wall; Faulkner, Tony; German music history; History of music in Germany; Microphones; Microphones (models); Microphones (models): Neumann M50s; Microphones, Neumann; Renner, Jack; Telarc Records; Teldec (telefunken-Decca Schallplatten)

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; International music; Music history; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

82:36 - Telarc Records' tech set-up

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Partial Transcript: And what about the other equipment that you take since you don't use a major multi-mic-ing thing?

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses the tech set up Telarc employs when recording.

Keywords: Amplification; Amplifiers; Mercury microphone method; Mercury recording method; Recording and manufacturing materials; Recording business; Recording methods; Recording studios; Recording technologies; Renner, Jack; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

87:53 - Jack Renner: audio engineer

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Partial Transcript: What--so y, you, y, you are more or less a self-taught engineer?

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses how he taught himself to engineer records and the musical approach he uses with audio engineering.

Keywords: Advent Records of Ohio; Maazel, Lorin; Record companies; Record engineers; Recording; Recording business; Recording methods; Recordists; Renner, Jack; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

91:10 - What the recording studios provide

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Partial Transcript: Um, so when you're--when you do things in the--a studio, do you take advantage of the full studio facility or do you--

Segment Synopsis: Renner gives a technical explanation behind the equipment and technology involved in the recording methods that Telarc Records employs.

Keywords: Acoustical recording; Classical music; Lexicon recording software; Multi-tracking; Record studios; Recording business; Recording methods; Renner, Jack; Reverberation units; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

95:16 - The success and challenges behind Renner's recording methods

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Partial Transcript: But, but I guess it's better for me to concentrate on kind of this overall idea of, of how you approach technology and your use of it.

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses more about the challenges and success behind his particular recording methods and approaches at Telarc Records.

Keywords: Microphones; Recording business; Recording methods; Recording software; Recording studios; Recording technologies; Recordists; Renner, Jack; Stockham, Thomas; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

99:30 - Recording business and equipment

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Partial Transcript: Um, boy. When you started getting more involved with this, an, and I can't even recall right now the different evolutions you went through or the different stages, but, how did you start expanding your equipment base?

Segment Synopsis: Renner describes the challenges in the recording business of establishing credit and expanding business, as well as some of the interactions with recording software manufacturers.

Keywords: Banks and prejudices in America; Boddie, Louise; Boddie, Thomas; Faulker, Tony; Recording and manufacturing materials; Recording business; Recording Connections; Rosenberg, Arnie; Stockham, Thomas; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio history; Music history; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

104:33 - The relationship between radio stations and recording studios

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Partial Transcript: Um w, what--did you have any association with radio stations in Cleveland when you started out because that's--it's interesting that I've found so much of this recording activity came out of the radio.

Segment Synopsis: Renner briefly comments on the relationship between radio stations and recording studios, and the influence that radio stations have on the recording industry.

Keywords: Radio stations; Radio studios; Recording business; Recording studios; Renner, Jack; Telarc Records; WCLE (Radio station); WKSU (Radio station)

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Radio broadcast; Radio broadcasting; Radio broadcasting--America.; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

106:35 - Ken Hamann and Telarc Records

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Partial Transcript: Oh, great. I appreciate it.

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses some of the recording technology and software that Ken Hamann developed for Telarc Records, and a little more on the methods that Telarc Records uses for recording.

Keywords: Analog to digital converters; Bishop, Mike; Cleveland Orchestra; Hamann, Kenneth Richards; Malakar Vlad; Recording business; Recording software; Recording studios; Recording technologies; Renner, Jack; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century

110:17 - Telarc Records finds a home in Cleveland, Ohio

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Partial Transcript: Well one last sort of big, broad--

Segment Synopsis: Renner discusses why Telarc has stayed in Cleveland, Ohio instead of moving to a bigger area, such a New York.

Keywords: Cleveland (Ohio); Cleveland Orchestras; Music and art in Cleveland; Recording business; Recording studios; Telarc Records

Subjects: Acoustical engineering.; Audio engineering; Audio engineers; Audio history; Music history; Record industry; Recording industry; Sound engineering; Sound engineers; Sound recording industry.; Sound--History; Sound--History--20th Century


GPS: Cleveland (Ohio)
Map Coordinates: 41.482222, -81.669722
0:00No transcript.