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0:00 - Family background / immigrant communities

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Partial Transcript: Interview with Jimmy Mongiaro. Bulan, Kentucky. June seventeenth, 1986. Interviewed by Doug Cantrell.

Segment Synopsis: Mr. Mongiardo, Italian immigrant, tells of his father's work history and his own beginnings in the area of Hazard, Kentucky. He shares some types of living arrangements many immigrant coal workers had.

Keywords: Boardinghouses; Bulan (Ky.); Coal camps; Culverts; Derrick Cranes; Drift mouth; Emmalena (Ky.); Robinson School; Stonemason; Stonemasonry; Work Project Administration

Subjects: Families Immigrants--Kentucky--Hazard Italy Lexington and Nashville Railroad United States. Works Progress Administration


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9:37 - Religion / union role

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Partial Transcript: What about the Catholic Church in, in this area?

Segment Synopsis: Mongiardo talks about how immigrants suffered some religious discrimination after establishing a Catholic mission in Bulan, Kentucky. He discusses the influence the UMWA had on immigrants.

Keywords: Bulan (Ky.); Mass; Union working conditions; Work environments

Subjects: Catholic Church Harlan County (Ky.) Immigrants--Kentucky Religious discrimination. United Mine Workers of America


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15:20 - Education

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Partial Transcript: What do you remember then about, about s--going to school here?

Segment Synopsis: Mongiardo tells of his experience in school, learning English, and making friends.

Keywords: Language barriers; Schoolmates

Subjects: Bullying English language--Study and teaching--Foreign speakers Hazard (Ky.)


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18:42 - Work history

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Partial Transcript: And, uh, he's the one that gave me the idea of a cable system in the forties, late forties.

Segment Synopsis: Mr. Mongiardo tells of his work history in the grocery trade and cable system before he was drafted for the Korean War.

Keywords: Bulan (Ky.); Pioneer of cable system

Subjects: Cable television. Draft. Grocery trade. Hazard (Ky.) Huntington (W. Va.) Korean War, 1950-1953


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23:41 - Work ethic of immigrants

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Partial Transcript: Getting back then to, to immigrants in, in the early--

Segment Synopsis: Mongiardo talks about how immigrants were hard workers, often laboring 15 hours a day. He talks about why they sometimes suffered racial discrimination from Americans.

Keywords: American dream; Benito Mussolini; Better life; Freedom; Opportunities; Racial slurs; Resentment

Subjects: Race discrimination. Work ethic.


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26:52 - Immigrant lifestyle

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Partial Transcript: Uh, what about, uh, did--in the coal camps, did immigrant families often take in boarders?

Segment Synopsis: Mongiardo talks about why immigrants often sided with the Democratic Party. He talks about how their lifestyle included tight family relationships where they tended a garden, produced wine, and cared for the household together.

Keywords: Citizenship; Democratic Party; Gender roles; Home life; Italian culture and customs; Naturalization; Suffrage; Vegetable gardening; Voting; Wine and wine making

Subjects: Families. Immigrants--Kentucky Sex role


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39:41 - Family / internal migration

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Partial Transcript: Okay then, let's talk about you getting married and--

Segment Synopsis: Mongiardo talks about meeting and marrying his wife in Italy and how her father came from Italy to live with them. He discusses how the post-World War II coal slump caused many immigrants to migrate to other parts of America for work.

Keywords: Automobile industry and trade; Coal slump; Gardening; Italy; Marriage; Patio gardening; Post-World War II; Visas

Subjects: English language--Study and teaching--Foreign speakers Families. Immigrants--Kentucky Migration, Internal--United States


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