Interview with Nellie Gibson, Victor Gibson, July 27, 1987

Project: Appalachia: Social History and Cultural Change in the Elkhorn Coal Fields Oral History Project

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Interview Summary

Nellie Gibson is the daughter of Perry Adkins, the union supporter who was killed in the Henry Clay strike on Marrowbone Creek in 1934. She recounts in detail the events surrounding his death. She states that the sheriff had picked out her father as the one to shoot. Victor Gibson describes the existence of a "hit list" that the sheriff possessed that listed all the names of the local union leaders. Nellie Gibson talks about the hard times her family experienced after her father's death. Occasionally they would receive a small amount of money from Sam Caddy of UMWA District 30. She also discusses her family's reaction when her brother Edgel decided to go to work as a non-union small coal operator. Both Gibsons talk about the intense divisions the union caused between the "rednecks" (union supporters) and the "yellow dogs" (company supporters). Victor Gibson's grandmother was "turned out" of the Old Regular Baptist Church because she was a union supporter. Both Gibsons also recount the story of a black miner who shot a white man at Clyde Childers' store at Wolfpit. A group of white men snuck the black miner out of town on a train because another group of whites planned to lynch him. The Gibsons also talk at length about their experience living in Michigan next door to a Polish family who at first called the Gibsons "dirty hillbillies," but eventually became friends.

Interview Accession

1987oh195_app118

Interviewee Name

Nellie Gibson

Victor Gibson

Interviewer Name

Nyoka Hawkins

Interview Date

1987-07-27

Interview Rights

All rights to the interviews, including but not restricted to legal title, copyrights and literary property rights, have been transferred to the University of Kentucky Libraries.

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Interviews may be reproduced with permission from Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, Special Collections, University of Kentucky Libraries.

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Interviews may be reproduced with permission from Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, Special Collections, University of Kentucky Libraries.

All rights to the interviews, including but not restricted to legal title, copyrights and literary property rights, have been transferred to the University of Kentucky Libraries.

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Gibson, Nellie Interview by Nyoka Hawkins. 27 Jul. 1987. Lexington, KY: Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries.

Gibson, N. (1987, July 27). Interview by N. Hawkins. Appalachia: Social History and Cultural Change in the Elkhorn Coal Fields Oral History Project. Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries, Lexington.

Gibson, Nellie, interview by Nyoka Hawkins. July 27, 1987, Appalachia: Social History and Cultural Change in the Elkhorn Coal Fields Oral History Project, Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries.





Persistent Link for this Record: https://kentuckyoralhistory.org/ark:/16417/xt76hd7nrr9b